From a historical perspective you can see that carpooling started as a larger phenomenon in adjacency to World War II in 1939 to 1945. The reason was that the access to gas and motor oil was harsh during these years. You can see clearly how the global economy affects the statistics considering the numbers of car-poolers. In the early 70s the world was hit by an oil crisis and in the end of the 70s the energy crisis started. During this period, you could see a large increase in carpooling. In the same era businessowners started to encourage their employees to organize or join organisations for commuting. One of these businesses was Chrysler.
Students carpooling has been very common for a long time. First and foremost, it gives an economical gain for the students that have little money to live on. Carpooling has been a way to get to school without having to strengthen the economy. The other aspect for students carpooling is parking spaces at the schools and university areas. At campus the priority hasn´t been parking spaces because the need has been bigger for apartments for students. This, of course, keeps the number of parking spaces at a very low count which makes carpooling genius. A professor at Harvard university started looking at the possibilities to enhance the phenomenon of carpooling. Even though, during this period, there was nowhere near the technical prerequisites that there is today, you can see these studies as a direct factor of reaching today´s mobile carpooling applications. With the breakthrough of internet in the 90s and smartphones in the 2000s a lot of different solutions were created to make it easier to carpool. Of course, this was for a commercial purpose, Uber and Lyft sells for huge amounts in their services.
It is not just in the USA carpooling had a breakthrough in the 2000s. Europe followed the development on mobile applications for carpooling with great interest. As the phenomenon grew bigger in America you could also see an upgoing trend in Germany. In Canada and Australia, you could also see an increase in carpooling at the time of smartphones breakthrough.
Variety of carpooling
When you think of carpooling, most people see four neighbours going to the factory in the small town to work. Another form is “slugging” where you submit to a website where you tell where you want to go and gets a message containing information on when someone is going there next. Most commonly there will be four people that doesn´t know each other prior to the trip. No money is exchanged in the car because the driver takes on the passengers for company and social and environmental reasons.” Realtime sharing” is another way of commuting where everything happens really fast. You submit to a page and get picked up immediately. You submit the exact direction you want to go, and the driver will make sure you get close to the destination and preferably at a connection point for local buses.
In the last two years you can see a negative trend on carpooling. The biggest reason for this is of course the increase in violence in the world. People are simply too afraid of getting into a car with the wrong people. Saving money and saving the environment isn´t a good enough reason to take chances on your security.